digital nomad visa

18 Best Digital Nomad Visa Programs + How To Apply

When Estonia announced the first official digital nomad visa in 2020, the rest of the world took notice: the age of the digital nomad was here, and countries began to consider the benefits of launching their own versions of this visa.

There are plenty of digital nomad visas in the works for countries around the world for countries perfect for remote workers, including spots like Mexico, Ecuador, Thailand, and dozens more. Within a few years, it may be more challenging to find a country that DOESN’T cater to this growing population of global workers.

In this ultimate guide to the best digital nomad visas, you’ll find who can apply for these visas, how to send your application, and all the associated costs and important details to keep in mind – plus, why these are your best digital nomad visa options. Maybe your next digital nomad destination is closer than you think.

how to move to the caribbean

What Is a Digital Nomad Visa?

A digital nomad visa is a specialized visa designed for remote workers or digital nomads, designed to attract them to live and work for an extended period of time in the country that issues the visa. 

A relatively new concept launched in earnest with the increase of remote work as a result of the pandemic, dozens of countries now offer their own versions of a digital nomad visa to attract these workers to spend time working remotely within their borders. 

Without a digital nomad visa, most digital nomads travel and stay in a country with nothing more than a tourist visa. For the most part, this is actually illegal, though challenging to prove when your work is from behind a computer screen.

What Are the Characteristics of a Digital Nomad Visa?

While each digital nomad visa is different, many are similar in their requirements and stipulations and the benefits they offer visa holders. Most visa holders are allowed to stay for about a year in the country, and some visas offer the opportunity for subsequent renewals.

Additionally, most visa holders don’t have to pay income tax on the income earned while working remotely. Almost all digital nomad visas also allow nomad to bring their spouse and dependent children.

Nearly all digital nomad visas require documentation about the nature of the work performed remotely – and many have minimum monthly or annual income requirements, prohibit nomads from hiring local workers, and do not offer an eventual path to permanent residency or citizenship. 

Best Digital Nomad Visas

You’ll find digital nomad visas currently open for applicants in dozens of countries, with even more countries announcing their intentions to add a digital nomad visa program all the time. Whether for their inclusive income requirements, ease of application, or the incredible travel potential and digital noma communities in these countries, these are the best digital nomad visa programs you’ll find:

1. Croatia

Long a favorite European digital nomad destination, especially for those looking to reset their 90-day Schengen Area stay, Croatia’s introduction of its own form of digital nomad visa was widely celebrated and has lived up to the hype.

While technically not termed as a digital nomad visa, rather, a form of a temporary residency permit, the Croatian “digital nomad visa” allows holders to spend up to one year in the country, with the potential to renew the visa after it expires.

There is much to be gained from this visa for remote workers and long-term travelers. However, Croatia has so much to offer any visitor than just convenient residency policies.

Visitors can explore medieval cities, castles, and fortresses, island-hop along the stunning coastline, and enjoy delicious Croatian food. You could easily settle down on a Croatian island like Hvar or Korcula, or choose a larger city like the capital of Zagreb.

The large digital nomad communities in Croatia means you’ll find it easy to make friends here, no matter where you find yourself in the country. Proximity to other Mediterranean hotspots and excellent transportation connectivity make travel throughout Europe a breeze – and relatively inexpensive. 

You can apply for the Croatian digital nomad visa online, at certain police stations in Croatia, or at a Croatian embassy or consulate abroad. While not a path to permanent residency or citizenship, this digital nomad visa should be on your shortlist. 

  • Cost of Visa: Around $150 USD (in Croatian kuna).
  • Duration of Visa: Up to 1 year, with a potential to reapply after spending 3 months out of Croatia.
  • Income Requirement: Around $2,400 USD (in Croatian kuna) per month, or around $29,000 in savings.

2. Malta

Malta’s introduction of the “Nomad Residency Permit” for non-European Union citizens put this dreamy Mediterranean island on the map as a digital nomad hotspot worth considering.

Located between Italy and the northern coast of Africa, the country of Malta is composed of several small islands at a crossroads of cultures, well known for perfectly warm and sunny weather year-round. Well-connected for travel, this is a fantastic, central location from which to explore the region.

Despite being a small island country, Malta has high-speed internet that is perfect for digital nomads, as well as a handful of coworking spaces and great cafes to work from. Its relatively low cost of living compared to other European destinations (budget around €1500 per month) is also a welcomed treat for nomads on a budget.

The Malta digital nomad visa application is quite straightforward, with a timeframe of 30 days to receive your response. Spouses and dependent family members are able to join.

  • Cost of Visa: €300 per each applicant or dependent family member
  • Duration of Visa: 1 year with the potential for renewals for 3 years
  • Income Requirement: €2,700 per month per applicant, plus 20% of the median wage for each dependent family member

3. United Arab Emirates (Dubai)

Dubai’s introduction of a digital nomad visa seems to be a perfect fit for a city that aspires to be on the cutting edge of business and work trends. One of the few digital nomad visas currently available in the Middle East, it’s one to consider as a digital nomad.

The Dubai remote work visa requires one of the highest minimum income thresholds of any digital nomad visa out there today.

When coupled with Dubai’s high cost of living, it just isn’t an option for many digital nomads. However, it offers a great opportunity for those looking to work remotely from a major business and finance global hub.

This city is built for digital nomad life, with countless coworking spaces and cool restaurants and cafes to work from across the city, all with blazing-fast internet. There’s plenty to do in the city or take a day trip to Abu Dhabi from Dubai for even more options.

You’ll have to contend with the heat of the summer, but you’ll be rewarded with an incredible opportunity in an unforgettable city.

  • Cost of Visa: around $600 USD
  • Duration of Visa: 1 year, with options to reapply
  • Income Requirement: $5,000 USD per month
digital nomad visas

4. Estonia

Estonia was the first country to introduce a visa specifically (and explicitly) for digital nomads, quickly putting itself on the map as a digital nomad hub in Europe.

Today you’ll find countless digital nomads that flock here, mostly to the capital city of Tallinn, making for an incredible atmosphere and great opportunities for remote workers.

Wedged between Russia and Scandinavia with a long coastline on the Baltic Sea, Estonia is home to medieval cities, vast forests, quaint cafes, and modern amenities that make it the perfect destination to spend several months calling home.

Summer is by far a favorite time to visit, but if you’re interested in spending some time here in the winter, you’ll certainly feel like you’re living in a winter wonderland while in Estonia.

Estonia offers two forms of the digital nomad visa: the C-Visa, called the short stay visa, and the D-Visa, called the long stay visa.  The C-Visa is available for up to three months of residence in the country, while the D-Visa allows for a full year of residency.

To apply, you’ll fill in an application form online, then make an appointment at your Estonian embassy or consulate. Applications are reviewed within just 30 days, and the process is quite straightforward. 

  • Cost of Visa: €80 (C-Visa) or €100 (D-Visa)
  • Duration of Visa: 3 months (C-Visa) or 1 year (D-Visa)
  • Income Requirement: €3,500 per month, for at least 6 months prior to application

Read More: 18 Best Cities for Digital Nomads (Around the World)

5. Dominica

A favorite digital nomad hotspot in the Caribbean, Dominica is a clear favorite if you’re looking for perfect weather year-round and dream of working on your laptop on the beach. Part of the Lesser Antilles of the Caribbean, Dominica is one of the best Caribbean islands with an off-the-beaten-path, local feel – you won’t be overrun with tourists or cruise ships here!

Dominica introduced its “Work In Nature” visa for digital nomads in the spring of 2021 as a way to attract the new remote workers still stuck at home due to the pandemic to the beautiful weather and natural beauty of the island.

Work in nature is a perfect way to term the visa, as the country is well known as a destination for soaring volcanoes, lush forests, waterfalls, and endless adventure sports and activities.

Visa holders can enjoy up to 18 months here, and as one of the Caribbean islands with a lower cost of living, it might be the perfect option for nomads on a budget.

Applicants can complete the entire digital nomad visa application online, making this visa one of the easiest digital nomad visas to apply for. Expect a response in 30 days or less.

  • Cost of Visa: $100 application fee, plus $800 visa fee for an individual or $1,200 for a family
  • Duration of Visa: 18 months
  • Income Requirement: at least $50,000 USD per year
barbados welcome stamp

6. Barbados

One of the first countries to launch a program designed to attract digital nomads in the wake of the pandemic, Barbados introduced the Welcome Stamp program to incredible success. It maintains its spot as one of the best digital nomad programs in the world, perfect for travelers looking to work from paradise.

As a remote work destination, Barbados provides digital nomads with an incredible quality of life. Think snorkeling, pristine beaches, hiking trails, and plenty of expats and travelers in tight-knit communities – it’s a dream if you’ve always want to move to the Caribbean.

If you’re willing to live like a local, you’ll find the cost of living relatively affordable, though you could easily blow your budget here with a waterfront villa and expensive meals if you’re not careful. As a Caribbean island that relies a lot on imported goods, some luxuries can be quite expensive.

With an application that is entirely online and promises an answer in just seven days, the visa is one of the easiest digital nomad visas to apply for.

It’s also one of the most expensive digital nomad visas available: the visa costs $2000 per individual or $3000 per family. However, it remains a great and easy choice for those that meet the visa program requirements.

  • Cost of Visa: $2000 per individual or $3000 per family, if approved
  • Duration of Visa: 1 year
  • Income Requirement: minimum annual income of $50,000 

7. Mauritius

One of the few digital nomad visas currently available in Africa, Mauritius is a must for digital nomads looking for a unique cultural experience while experiencing some of the most beautiful beaches and perfect weather you can imagine.

A chain of islands in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of Madagascar, Mauritius has long been known as a resort destination for the rich and famous.

However, it has plenty to offer nomads, with good internet speeds and connectivity, and a good selection of coworking spaces and cafes to work from, with more and more remote workers joining all the time. 

If you travel frequently, Mauritius may not be the destination for you – it’s quite remote and difficult to reach. However, if you’re looking to relax and kick back on the beach, don’t count this out as one of the best up-and-coming digital nomad destinations. 

Known as the Premium Visa, the Mauritius digital nomad visa is free to apply for, and the application is completed entirely online. You’ll receive an answer in about 48 hours. Hands down this is the easiest digital nomad visa to apply for. It’s definitely worth adding to your shortlist. 

  • Cost of Visa: Free
  • Duration of Visa: 12 months, with the opportunity to extend for 3 additional months
  • Income Requirement: $1500 per month, and an additional $500 per month per dependent family member
best digital nomad visa

8. Greece

When Greece issued its own digital nomad visa in September of 2021, the digital nomad world celebrated one of the most long-awaited digital nomad visas in this bucket list travel destination. With a duration of 2 years or more and a relatively painless application process, the Greek digital nomad visa is already seeing a record number of applications.

The beauty, charm, and history of Greece are world-renowned, and when combined with the friendly people, delicious food, and travel potential the country is well known for, it’s no wonder Greece is the new place to be as a digital nomad.

Plenty of digital nomads base themselves in Athens for the convenience the city has to offer, including good internet speeds, transport, and access to quick international flights. Plus, there are countless landmarks and attractions in Athens to keep you busy for weeks.

However, you’ll find most nomads like to spend at least part of their time in Greece island-hopping, making the most of the beaches, exploring ruins, and disconnecting. There are so many destinations in Greece you’ll want to add to your itinerary, you’ll need to max out those two years of visa validity!

While the application requires a trip to your local Greek embassy or consulate – or the Ministry of Migration for travelers already in Greece – the application only costs €75 and receives a decision in just 10 working days. If you haven’t started planning your time in Greece yet, now is the time to start!

  • Cost of Visa: €75 
  • Duration of Visa: 2 years, with the potential for subsequent renewals
  • Income Requirement: €3,500 per applicant, plus 20% per dependent spouse and 15% per dependent child.

9. Curaçao

With stunning beaches, some of the best snorkeling and diving in the world, and a colorful, lively capital city, it’s hard to imagine someone who wouldn’t want to spend time living and working in Curaçao.

Located off of the coast of Venezuela and wedged between Aruba and Bonaire, Curaçao is a Caribbean island nation that has a lot to offer digital nomads, including a great work-life balance and a brand new digital nomad visa program.

Called the @Home in Curaçao Visa, this program has already done wonders to attract a growing number of remote workers to this beautiful island.

It’s important to keep in mind that Curaçao has a relatively high cost of living, as almost everything needs to be imported to the island, though you can find budget options for rent if you’re willing to look for them.

Another downside? Curaçao is rather remote, which means travel can be a bit more expensive and flights longer, though flights are increasing steadily as the island quickly becomes a new favorite destination in the Caribbean.

If you’re a digital nomad on a budget, you’ll be interested to learn that the @Home in Curaçao Visa program has no minimum income requirement. Applications are completed online, whether you’re already in Curaçao or in another country, and response time is quick.

  • Cost of Visa: $300 per applicant
  • Duration of Visa: 6 months, with the option for a renewal for another 6 months
  • Income Requirement: No minimum income requirement

Read More: 20 Best Things To Do in Curaçao

10. Bahamas

If Curaçao doesn’t seem like a good fit, but you’re still dreaming of that sunny Caribbean weather, consider the Bahamas! Their digital nomad visa, called the Bahamas Extended Access Travel Stay (BEATS), allows remote workers to stay in the country for up to a year, and with no minimum income requirement. 

No matter what you’re looking for as a digital nomad, you’re bound to find it in the Bahamas. You can enjoy city life and coworking environments in major cities like Nassau or Freeport, or head to some of the smaller and more remote islands if you’re looking forward to getting off the grid – as much as you can while working remotely, that is. 

One major benefit of working from the Bahamas is its proximity to the United States – in about an hour by plane you can be back in the States, a major plus for U.S. digital nomads or those who need to travel in the area for work. 

Like Curaçao, the Bahamas can have a relatively high cost of living, though if you’re willing to live like a local you can find some excellent deals on food, apartments, and entertainment.

With a simple online visa application, a low application fee of just $25, and no minimum income requirement, the digital nomad visa of the Bahamas is a definite contender for one of the easiest to obtain.

As soon as you arrive, you’ll see why many visa holders are already considering extending their stay. 

  • Cost of Visa: $25 application fee, plus $1,000 visa fee per applicant, and $500 visa fee for each dependent
  • Duration of Visa: 12 months, with renewals for up to 3 years
  • Income Requirement: No minimum income requirements
best place to stay in cartagena colombia

11. Colombia

One of the newest digital nomad visa options out there for remote workers is the digital nomad visa to Colombia. Medellin is a hotspot for digital nomads in Latin America, so this digital nomad visa has been eagerly expected and looks forward to plenty of applicants after its late October 2022 launch.

Colombia’s digital nomad visa makes it easier than ever to call this unique and diverse nation home for up to two years. Whether you’re looking for a tiny beach town on the Caribbean coast or prefer a city with all its hustle and bustle, there are plenty of places to set up shop in Colombia.

You’ll enjoy world-class trekking opportunities (don’t skip the Ciudad Perdida trek!), adventure sports, historic architecture, low-cost Spanish classes, and incredibly warm, friendly people.

Colombia’s digital nomad visa also has one of the lowest monthly income requirements of any digital nomad visa currently available. Applicants need to show they make three times the local minimum wage every month – you’ll need to show just $615 USD of monthly income to qualify.  

Applications can be completed online, and applicants should expect an answer to their visa application within just 30 working days. It’s a straightforward and easy application process!

Keep in mind that the Colombia Check Mig is a mandatory requirement for travelers entering the country with a Colombian digital nomad visa. This is an easy online registration that enhances immigration control and ensures smooth entry for remote workers.

Add this digital nomad visa program to your shortlist, especially if you’re getting started as an entrepreneur and still not earning much – what do you have to lose?

  • Cost of Visa: Application fee of $52, visa fee of $170
  • Duration of Visa: 2 years
  • Income Requirement: around $615 per month (at least 3,000,000 Colombian pesos)

12. Portugal

While digital nomads have flocked to the country for years, mostly using Portugal’s D7 visa originally designed for retirees and other passive income earners, Portugal’s new dedicated digital nomad makes it easier than ever for remote workers to settle in this enchanting European nation.

There are so many reasons to love Portugal as a digital nomad. Great weather, surfing, vibrant cities, charming beach towns, cheap flights and trains throughout the rest of Europe… the list goes on and on.

Whether you’re headed to digital nomad hotspots like Porto or Lisbon or beach towns like Ericeira, you’ll find fast internet speeds, great community, coworking spaces, and plenty of opportunity.

Applications can be made at any Portuguese embassy or consulate, or with Portugal’s agency for immigration services, the Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras. While these new digital nomad visas are estimated to can take between three to four months to approve, you’re on your way to up to three years of residency in this digital nomad paradise.

  • Cost of Visa: €180 per applicant
  • Duration of Visa: 1 year, with options of renewal for 2 years
  • Income Requirement: around $2,820 per month (four times Portugal’s minimum monthly wage of €705)
things to do in panama city

13. Panama

If you’re looking to spend time as a digital nomad in Latin America, Panama is one of your best options, and one of the few countries in Latin America with a devoted digital nomad visa program. 

With its year-round fantastic weather, Panama is a dream-like destination for travelers and nomads.

You’ll find an excellent mix of beach destinations, tropical rainforests, bustling cities, and quaint towns here to choose from as a home base while working as a nomad through Panama’s Short Stay for Remote Workers visa. 

As a remote worker that needs to work in a timezone similar to the United States or Canada, Panama is a perfect destination to choose. The bustling capital of Panama City is also a travel hub across the Americas, meaning you can expect cheap and frequent flights. 

When applying for this straightforward visa, you can expect an answer within 30 days, and are able to apply for a renewal to extend your stay for up to 18 months. 

  • Cost of Visa: $250 application fee, plus $50 fee for a visa issuance card
  • Duration of Visa: 9 months, with the opportunity to renew for an additional 9 months
  • Income Requirement: minimum annual income of $36,000 USD

14. Malaysia

Known as the DE Rantau Nomad Pass, Malaysia’s digital nomad visa is a favorite for remote workers in Southeast Asia looking to stick around in booming digital nomad hubs like Kuala Lumpur and Penang, considered some of the best cities in the world for digital nomads.

With great weather, incredible food, and plenty of affordable places to live and work, Malaysia is an excellent choice for digital nomads. Cheap, fast internet and a growing number of coworking spaces both in large and small cities make it a destination that is quite friendly to remote work. You’ll love traveling the country and beyond while you’re here.

Not only does the DE Rantau Nomad Pass allow digital nomads to remain in the country for longer, but it also allows for other digital nomad benefits you’ll love, including access to digital nomad programming and coworking spaces.

With an entirely online application that offers a quick visa response time of just four weeks, it’s one of the easier digital nomad visa applications. The visa is officially issued when you enter the country through the airport.

  • Cost of Visa: $221 for the visa applicant and an additional $110 per each dependant
  • Duration of Visa: up to one year, with the option to renew
  • Income Requirement: minimum annual income of $24,000

15. Ecuador

While Ecuador as a digital nomad destination might be overshadowed by its northern neighbor, Colombia with the popular digital nomad hub of Medellin, it offers one of the best digital nomad visas out there. A low income threshold for application and a long visa duration are just a few of the reasons to consider Ecuador as your next digital nomad home for a while.

We lived in Ecuador for two years and absolutely loved it – I couldn’t recommend it more and am already planning our next stay! With vibrant destinations in varied climates and ecosystems including the Amazon Rainforest, cosmopolitan cities like Quito, and relaxed beach towns, it’s easy to find whatever you’re looking for in Ecuador.

Ecuador’s cost of living is quite affordable, and most can live comfortably on between $1,000-1,500 per month. With Ecuador’s official currency being the U.S. dollar, digital nomads from the States will save big time on currency conversion fees.

While the Ecuador digital nomad visa application starts online, you will need to visit an embassy or consulate as part of the process. However, it’s still one of the easier digital nomad visas to apply for!

  • Cost of Visa: $50 application fee, plus $400 fee upon visa issuance
  • Duration of Visa: up to 2 years
  • Income Requirement: $1,275 in income per month or $15,300 in annual income
tulum mexico / Depositphotos

16. Mexico

Mexico has long been, by far, the most popular destination for remote workers from the United States looking to escape to warmer climates, so the country’s temporary residence visa, which is open for remote workers, is a favorite one for digital nomads.

With Mexico’s low cost of living and popular digital nomad hubs in Mexico City, affordable central Mexico cities like Oaxaca, and in beach towns like Playa del Carmen and Tulum, it’s easy to see why Mexico is such an attractive destination for remote workers. This is where many U.S. digital nomads get their start, though many end up sticking around for the long run.

While the Mexico temporary resident visa is relatively affordable and can be quite long-lasting depending on its length of issuance, it can be a bit of a process to obtain. First, you’ll need to apply at a Mexican embassy or consultant, then later retrieve your temporary resident visa for a temporary residence card once in Mexico.

  • Cost of Visa: Between $165 – 385 (paid in Mexican pesos), depending on the length of the visa
  • Duration of Visa: Between 6 months and 4 years, with the opportunity to apply for permanent residency afterward
  • Income Requirement: $2,595 per month of income or a maintained bank balance of $43,000 for at least a year

Read More: 14 Best Cities for Digital Nomads in Latin America

17. Argentina

Argentina has long been a favorite destination with remote workers, so it was no surprise when legislators announced their intention to launch a digital nomad visa. A lax tourist visa policy has for years allowed visitors to stay almost indefinitely with easy day trips to Uruguay restarting their tourist visa timeline, but Argentina’s digital nomad visa offers a better way to stick around.

Hands down the best destination in Argentina for digital nomads is Buenos Aires – some of the endless things to do in Buenos Aires range from biking at nature reserve, trying trendy new restaurants, and taking in a fútbol game. It’s a fantastic city with great internet, tons of expats and remote workers, and all the amenities you could want and need.

Argentina is also supremely affordable. Decades of high inflation for the Argentine peso has made foreign currency quite valuable here, so if you earn your income in USD or Euros you’re in for a cost of living that is shocking low, especially considering all that Argentina offers.

Because the Argentine digital nomad visa is quite new, there’s not a ton of information on the application process and the ease of application, though the low visa cost and extended visa duration make it an attractive option for visitors.

  • Cost of Visa: $80
  • Duration of Visa: Between one year and three years
  • Income Requirement: Income requirements have yet to be publicized despite the visa being open for applications.

18. Costa Rica

With Costa Rica’s stunning beaches, verdant rainforests, and an abundance of expats and long-term travelers, it’s one of the best locations in the Americas for remote workers looking to escape the grind.

While Costa Rica’s capital of San José offers all the conveniences and amenities you’d need for remote work, most nomads head for Pacific coast beach towns like Tamarindo or laid-back Caribbean spots like Puerto Viejo. While the internet in beach towns can be spotty at times, stick to the larger and more popular towns for better service.

Costa Rica has a much higher cost of living than its neighbors, though it still remains quite affordable when compared to cities in the United States and Europe, making it an attractive destination with a long history of being the perfect spot for expats.

With options to apply for the visa online or in person from within Costa Rica, and with a 15-day response time for the visa, it’s quite an easy (and affordable!) application. You’ll receive guidance on the application if you’ve left out documents or information, and legal aid isn’t required to apply.

  • Cost of Visa: $100
  • Duration of Visa: One year, with an additional year upon renewal
  • Income Requirement: A minimum remote income of $3,000 per month for individuals or $5,000 for families
carley rojas avila

Carley Rojas Avila is a bilingual New York-based travel writer, editor, content marketer, and the founder of the digital travel publications Explorers Away and Home to Havana. Carley is an expert on all things Latin America, the Caribbean, and Cuba, having lived and worked in four different countries in the region. Her writing has appeared on the Associated Press wires and in Travel + Leisure, Yahoo, MSN, Euronews, The Weather Channel, and more. When she's not writing about her travels, find her front row at a Bad Bunny concert, befriending street cats, and taste-testing every pizza in Havana.